TRANSITIONAL PHRASES

 

Transitional words and phrases keep the reader “on track.” They kep the reader understand the relationship between one idea or statement and subsequent ones.

               

1. Adding  ideas:

 

besides

for example (e.g.)

for instance

furthermore

in addition

in fact

indeed

likewise

moreover

once more

similarly

that is (i.e.)

then, too

 

2. As expected:

 

as a matter of fact

for that matter

it follows that

naturally

obviously

of course

surely

to be sure

 

3. Cause and effect:

 

accordingly

and so

and that’s why

as a consequence

as a result

as might be expected

consequently

for this reason

hence

since

then

therefore

thus

 

4. Contrast:

 

at the same time

conversely

despite

however

in spite of

nevertheless

nonetheless

notwithstanding

not at all

on the contrary

on the other hand

still

unlike

yet

 

5. Concession:

 

although

but of course

certainly

doubtless

granted that

of course

though

to be sure

to doubt that

whereas

6. Degrees of certainty:

 

anyhow

anyway

certainly

doubtless

in all likelihood

in all probability

in any case

indeed

perhaps

possibly

probably

surely

 

7. Qualification:

 

especially

frequently

if

in case

in general

in particular

inasmuch

lest

occasionally

particularly

provided that

specifically

unless

 

8. Repetition:

 

as noted

as noted earlier

as we have seen

besides

in any case

in fact

in other words

indeed

to put it another way

to repeat

 

9. Summary:

 

all in all

finally

in a word

in brief

in conclusion

in short

in summary

in summation

on the whole

therefore

to conclude

to make a long story short

to sum it up

to summarize